Health and Wellbeing at Work Week 15-19 March 2021

Back for its 15th successful year, Health and Wellbeing at Work will be virtual this year and addressing some of the most challenging issues for occupational health and HR as we face a totally new world of work.  Here’s why you should attend:

  • Over 100 hours of CPD talks, discussions and interviews available for the whole week plus on demand for a further 30 days
  • An exciting line up of speakers including Ruby Wax OBE, Professor Dame Carol Black DBE, Professor Diana Kloss MBE, Sir Michael Marmot, Psychologist Binna Kandola OBE, HSE’s Sarah Newton, Professor Neil Ferguson, plus thought leaders from Microsoft, Rolls Royce, HS2, Ella’s Kitchen, Bank of England and Brighton and Hove Albion FC
  • Join in anywhere, anytime, at your convenience
  • Enjoy the many opportunities to network with delegates, visit exhibition stands, relax in our wellness lounge and learn new skills

Register now at www.healthwellbeingwork.co.uk

Download a copy of the programme here https://bit.ly/3qLksFu

We are delighted that Dr Steven Boorman CBE has contributed to the 2021 Trends in Health and Wellbeing at Work Report that has just been released.  The good news is that health and wellbeing is set to be the new corporate KPI.  Mental health is dominating the agenda, fuelled by the uncertainty of COVID, lockdown loneliness and anxiety about what the future holds.  There will be a seismic change in the way we work with employees demanding greater autonomy, flexibility and even different work schedules.  A great shift towards health-promoting workplaces is forecast and organisations will have to make a much bigger commitment to sustainability and climate change if they are to attract and retain talent.  AI and technology certainly has a role to play not only in how we deliver occupational health but also in enabling OH professionals to move up the value chain.  Download your free copy today and be ready for the new world of work.

Download your free copy of the Report here  https://bit.ly/3ahUQtB

If you would like to find solutions and see examples of pioneering innovations to address these trends, then make sure you register to attend Health and Wellbeing at Work Week 15-19 March 2021.  Download the full conference programme here https://bit.ly/3qLksFu

and register at www.healthwellbeingwork.co.uk

Dr Steven Boorman CBE has contributed to the latest report on Health and Wellbeing at Work Top Ten Trends for 2021.

There is no doubt that 2020 has been both disruptive and transformational but when we consider how COVID-19 has and will continue to impact on the way we work, it feels like the journey has just begun.  If we learn nothing else from the crisis, it will be all about the human element.  Ensuring there is a balance between protecting the health of people and sustainable economic growth will be a huge challenge for 2021 and beyond, and maintaining the health and wellbeing of the workforce will be central to that.  COVID-19 has accentuated the fact that economy and health are completely intertwined.  According to Dr Steven Boorman CBE “there is now a huge opportunity to use learning from the crisis to demonstrate the real value that health and wellbeing can add, changing it from being ‘nice to have’ to becoming an essential tool at the heart of every business.”

Find out why health and wellbeing will be the new corporate KPI for 2021.  Download your free copy of the Report here  https://bit.ly/3ahUQtB

If you would like to find solutions and see examples of pioneering innovations to address these trends, then make sure you register to attend Health and Wellbeing at Work Week 15-19 March 2021.  Download the full conference programme here https://bit.ly/3qLksFu and register at www.healthwellbeingwork.co.uk

Blog from the Association of Charted Physiotherapists in Occupational Health and Ergonomics (ACPOHE)

2020 had been an extremely challenging year for everyone. Specifically, for Physiotherapists in Work and Health, it has required in a significant change to the way we work as well as a range of new challenges our patients and their employers are facing. For the ACPOHE it has been no different.  We have all had to change the way we operate almost overnight and have done so exceptionally well.

ACPOHE has been exceptionally busy throughout the year and have undertaken a myriad of activities. These range from: launching a new webinar platformto better network and deliver new content to our members and other Occupational Health (OH) Professionals; developing home working guidanceto support our patients and their employers during these challenging times; through to moving more of our education courses onlineto ensure more people have access to our training.

 

There are two additional areas of work that deserve a special mention:

  1. Long COVID Return to work (RTW) guidelines

In response to COVID, a working group was put together to develop a set of RTW guidelines specifically looking at rehabilitation and return to work guidelines for those patients suffering from Long COVID.  This comprehensive guide was launched as a live webinarin October will be a valuable resource for those physiotherapists and other OH professionals working this patient group.   https://acpohe.csp.org.uk/documents/acpohe-recovering-covid-19-rtw-guidance

  1. Online Open Access Journal

I am thrilled to announce that,  after much hard work, in 2021 we are due to launch a new journal titled the Journal of Physiotherapy in Work and Health (JPWH).  This is an open-access Internet-only journal, accessible to new researchers, early-career academics, and clinicians to share contemporary research and ideas regarding occupational health and ergonomics.

The JPWH is now open for submissionsand invites you to submit contemporary research, reviews, discussion papers, opinion pieces and editorials in relation to occupational health physiotherapy practice.  https://publications.coventry.ac.uk/index.php/JPWH/index

 

ACPOHE hopes that these tools and resources continue to support shared learning across all OH Professionals and facilitates closer multi-disciplinary working. As an active member on the Council for Work and Health, ACPOHE will continue to share these and any other new developments with council members.

 

Miles Atkinson

Chair ACPOHE

IOSH: Decade of action for occupational safety and health

As the ‘Decade of Action’ (2020-30) for the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) grows in urgency, what should it mean for occupational safety and health (OSH) and ensuring that allwork is good work? How do we best address the needs of a virus-affected world and the challenges and opportunities of the 4thIndustrial Revolution, the digital and green economies, demographic and technological changes, and the future of work? How do we ensure that we revitalise our support systems and ‘build back better and healthier’?

Many of the SDGs relate to work and to OSH, as highlighted in the IOSH sustainability policy, particularly SDG Goal 3 ‘Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages’ and SDG Goal 8 ‘Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all’, which includes ending modern slaveryand human trafficking.

Importantly, as we’ve all witnessed, the Coronavirus pandemic has reinforced the intrinsic links between environmental, public, occupational and general health, as well as shining a light on health inequalities and the need to better protect health and social care workers and others on the frontline, and to ‘build back better and healthier’. This includes ensuring effective test, trace and isolate systems, and access to personal protective equipment, vaccines, therapeutics and ongoing mental health support. Central to delivering improvement is SDG Goal 17 ‘Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalise the global partnership for sustainable development’. This UN call for international capacity-building and multi-stakeholder partnerships to ‘mobilise and share knowledge’ is a clear request for stronger multidisciplinary working and for all health and health-related professionals to contribute.

 

 

 

This is where I believe the collective health community, professional bodies and networks have pivotal roles, both now and in the future. We need to see OSH / OH professionals increasingly harnessed to help public policymakersand organisations tackle the complex work-related health challenges, such as from climate change, air pollution and extreme weather; increased sedentarianism; extended working lives; the needs of workers with health conditions and disabilities; tackling communicable and non-communicable diseases at work; and the exponential growth in new workplace technology, automation and artificial intelligence.

We need to work together to ensure greater focus on human-centred public- and corporate-policy and on managing psychosocial risk at work, with mental healthfinally gaining parity with physical health, and stigma ended. And we need to collaborate to support diverse and inclusive workforces, protect vulnerable groups and embed OSH risk-intelligence as a key life- and employment-skill, essential to long-term social value and achieving SDG Goal 4 ‘Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all’.

Thankfully, in the decade ahead, I think we can expect to see better-informed public opinion continue to drive higher societal expectationsand requirements on organisations and leaders seeking new ‘social licenses’ to operate and govern. And also see improved performance evaluation and transparency increasingly sought by stakeholders wanting assurance, not only that no-one is being harmed by public policy or corporate activity, but that people’s health and wellbeing is actively enhanced in line with our more socially conscious world.

This demand for transparency and comprehensive corporate reportingwill help drive meaningful and comparable OSH performance reportingat global, national and corporate levels and recognition that good OSH must be a fundamental right worldwide. Professionals have key parts to play, fostering positive and learning cultures; designing-in OSHand evaluating interventions; developing meaningful indicators and utilising data; and making recommendations to improve OSH performance across regions, organisations and supply chains.

So, what key changes are needed to tackle the millions of work-related deaths each year, improve OSH and wellbeing and deliver on the SDGs? I believe they must include:

 

  • Recognising OSH as essential to public and socioeconomic good, so that it is designed into all public-policy,global trade, international development and corporate strategies
  • Building global OSH capacityand improving access worldwide, including for micros, SMEs, the self-employed, migrant and informal workers and all those on the frontline
  • Harmonising and standardising meaningful OSH performance reportingto drive global, national and corporate decision-making and investment for prevention, emergency planning and improved OSH and wellbeing

To close, can I just urge that, as professionals, influencers and networks, we continue working together and reaching out to ensure that this decade is one in which the true value of OSH / OH is harnessed to support good work for all, healthier populations and sustainable futures.

If you’d like to know more and support IOSH’s advocacy work on ‘building back better and healthier’, please contact the IOSH Policy team at publicaffairs@iosh.com.

 

Richard Jones

IOSH

13 November 2020

Leadership in occupational health over the first wave

Leadership in occupational health over the first wave

As the pandemic hit, time seemed to alter, and intensity increased. The pace of “leadership responsiveness” required multiplied. Suddenly, we needed to be “just in time” rather than the days or weeks that medical societies usually take.

The office team “disappeared” in March to work (very effectively) at home. A new, wider, team emerged beyond the Society of Occupational Medicine, of professionals from different disciplines and organisations.  Subgroups focused on PPE and mental health at work were formed. New communication channels opened with daily briefs, weekly webinars, and front-line networks.

Expert leadership was important. Occupational Medicine experts quickly called out the Government’s position on PPE standards and supply. But we knew little about Covid, for example in terms of transmission mechanisms. We quickly hosted a webinar with an Italian occupational medicine expert, ahead of the UK in terms of Covid impact, as to what they were experiencing in hospitals.

It was inspiring to see leadership elsewhere. As Covid-19 deaths tragically increased, a former Windsor Leadership Trust Alumni, and a former President of the SOM, David McLoughlin kept me in touch as to the military’s amazing work setting up the Nightingale Hospitals. Many occupational health professionals working in the private sector volunteered to work in the NHS. NHS England put in place procurement to support NHS occupational health teams.

In April, we decided to move to proactive challenge and focus on the occupational health risk of health care professionals. Dr Will Ponsonby, the SOM President, publicly rejected the Government’s rhetoric of professionals on a front line “war”. Instead we campaigned with the BMA and others “that no health care worker should die of Covid transmission” if proper controls are in place. Amnesty International subsequently produced a report highlighting this issue[i].

In the middle of this, a refreshing culture emerged ofleadership that was still about rationality, objective truth and weighing up the evidence but also about warmth, collaboration and energy (although energy was hard to maintain when it was all online).

With the end of the initial lock down in sight, we focused on the risk of return to work. A collaborative, leadership style continued with new partnerships emerging. We achieved in weeks what would previously have taken months with organizations such as Mind, CIPD, BITC and Acas to offer advice and toolkits. And, even with the frenetic pace of activity, we found out a bit more about each other and our solaces (in my case re watching a lengthy BBC Programme about a shepherd taking Herdwick sheep off a hill).

Despite our new confidence of working with trusted partners, with the launch of effective new advice and “toolkits”, we struggled to influence.  Government was in an emergency “command / control mode”. Responses from the “Centre” on key issues were delayed or not forthcoming. It felt a bit Vicky Pollard … “yeah but no but yeah”.

Some things we did not get right. I regret not reacting to data that emerged showing that some occupational health groups such as minicab drivers and security guards were more at risk of dying from Covid. We must highlight the inequality that Covid is creating and avoid a “white collar” prejudice at the expense of those working in low income public facing roles or factories such as in meat packing who have a higher Covid risk.

In July we launched a new report on the mental health of nurse and midwives, but like many by the end of July, I needed a break. Zoom calls blurred into one and it was hard differentiating online with real life. I needed to practice what I preach in our “mental health in the workplace toolkit” and take a break.

In September, we started again with the confidence that we have a social purpose to make a difference to workplaces.  We were profiled in New Scientist magazine. However, pressures quickly started again though in terms of questions on testing and how any vaccine would be delivered.

Questions remain. In terms of risk, one risk of Covid transmission can be reduced in place of another in terms of the health risks of unemployment. We are hosting, with partners, a summit on this on 10thNovember (at https://www.som.org.uk/civicrm/event/info%3Fid%3D313%26reset%3D1)

It is important to celebrate success (with an awards process for innovators who have come up with tools such as the “Covid Age” next month). We need to support current and future leaders through mentoring and peer support. We should be offering leadership training to those occupational health individuals who have the potential to become our leaders of the future. We are actively looking for funding for this.

We now need to pace ourselves for the winter…

[i]https://www.amnesty.org.uk/press-releases/uk-among-highest-covid-19-health-worker-deaths-world

 

Nick Pahl

Remploy – Supporting your employees at work

This email was sent to anna@forumconferences.com from communications@remploy.co.uk
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Long-term Furloughs During COVID-19 Hold Risks for Employee Health and Wellbeing

Long-term Furloughs During COVID-19 Hold Risks for Employee Health and Wellbeing

 

By Carol Black and Christian van Stolk

 

Governments around the world have offered furlough schemes to try to delay employers from making any restructuring decisions during the COVID-19 crisis. The public purse covers a specific percentage (80 per cent in the UK) of a salary up to a certain level (typically the average annual wage in an economy). Employers then have the option to top up this wage.

 

An estimated 25 per cent of UK workers are now part of the government furloughing scheme, which has been extended until October. Employers will be asked to contribute pension payments and national insurance from August and a larger salary share from September.

 

The aims of such programmes are laudable. They may, however, come with unintended consequences. Two reviews for the UK government, Working for a Healthier Tomorrow and Psychological Wellbeing and Work, suggest the importance of ensuring that employees in furlough schemes stay connected to work and the need to look after the mental health of the workforce.

 

Currently, employees are not allowed to work at all while they are part of the furlough scheme. We know that an employee who is away from employment for a period of about six weeks becomes deconditioned — in effect, less likely to return to employment. At that point, an individual is more likely to enter the benefit system.

 

Furloughed individuals also may lose touch with the workplace altogether. They may be less likely to access the occupational health provision or health and wellbeing programmes offered in many workplaces. People could become cut off from some of their normal support networks. Without these networks, relationships at work could break down, and as a result, a fundamental part of an individual’s social fabric.

 

Moreover, mental health tends to deteriorate when people lose their sense of social purpose. This sentiment may become more prevalent among people who are on furlough schemes where they may feel that they are kept out of work artificially or face delayed unemployment. Mental health is already a concern in the present crisis, in which general uncertainty is coupled with the disruption of routines at both home and work.

 

This matters. Evidence tells us that those with common mental health conditions such as anxiety and depression are much more likely to be out of work or find it difficult to maintain a job. They are the most common conditions among those claiming out of work benefits, with 50 per cent of claimants typically reporting it as a primary or secondary health condition.

 

Even if workers maintain their employment, there may be significant challenges to their health and wellbeing arising from the crisis. Most employees have seen rapidly and profound changes to their working patterns including new forms of remote working, flexible working, social distancing at work and increased shift working. Many have had to combine work and caring responsibilities more than before.

 

The mental health of many workers likely will worsen over the coming months. Before the COVID-19 outbreak, one in six working-age people in England had a mental health problem. The prevalence is higher for younger workers, who are especially at risk of losing their employment in this crisis.

 

There is a need to look at how to support all workers with their mental health. This need is greater for the self-employed and smaller businesses, which employ most of the UK workforce but may not have the resources to support their employees at this time. Supporting the mental health of employees requires employers and governments to provide access to occupational health and NHS support at a time when social distancing is perhaps limiting service provision. It is important to find space on the policy agenda for this.

 

It is heartening to see that the UK government is allowing part-time employment in its furloughing scheme from July, be it with employers paying fully for the hours worked. However, it may be advisable for governments to incentivise employers to stay connected to their workforce by allowing part-time working sooner and even subsidising it. They could also allow keeping in touch days while people are in the furlough scheme.

 

A broader priority for government and employers in this crisis should be to invest in the health and wellbeing of all workers, especially in mental health. This could help avoid workers losing employment, remaining in the benefit system longer and lowering the long-term productivity among those at work. One of the main legacies of the crisis should be an appreciation of the importance of good employee health and wellbeing.

 

Prof Dame Carol Black is a physician who has over the past 14 years advised government departments and arm’s-length bodies on work, health and wellbeing. RAND Europe executive vice president Dr. Christian van Stolk has conducted extensive research on health and wellbeing in the workplace.

 

Returning to work toolkits for employers and occupational health professionals

Returning to work toolkits for employers and occupational health professionals

Managing the safe return to the workplace of millions of UK workers needs careful planning.

Our toolkits, produced in partnership with the Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service (Acas), the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD), Business in the Community (BITC), and Mind, the mental health charity, will help businesses plan to reopen shuttered workplaces.

Free toolkits

There are two toolkits: one for employers and one for occupational health professionals, who are supporting businesses make the workplaces covid-secure. You can download them for free.

Planning workers’ return

Here are five things any business needs to do before employees come back

  1. Contact workers about coming back to the workplace as far in advance of their expected return as you can
  2. Be prepared to have more than one conversation with your employee and use every contact to reassure them about the care you’re taking to open up the workplace
  3. Together with your employee, identify anything that might be an obstacle to their return. Obstacles can be personal, such as difficulty with childcare, practical, such as how they travel to the workplace, and even anxiety about catching covid-19.
  4. Agree with each member of staff a return to work plan which lists who will do what and when.
  5. If the obstacles identified are more than managers and HR departments can resolve, call in occupational health (OH) professionals. OH professionals support the well-being of workers, preventing ill-health, providing independent advice to organisations, facilitating steps to reduce sickness absence, and controlling infection risks.

Conversation starters

Not sure how to start conversations with your furloughed staff?  Here are some conversation starters you can use.

  • “How has life been?”
  • “Are you OK about coming back?”
  • “Do you feel safe coming back?”
  • “How we can make your job better?”
  • “Do you know who to talk with if any problems crop up?”

If someone has existing common health problems, questions could include

  • “Do you feel up to doing your usual job?”
  • “What parts of your job do you think you will find difficult and what can we change to help overcome the difficulties?”

Getting the UK back to work

Work is good for us and the country needs to get back to good, safe jobs, in which people are safe and feel supported. Our Returning to the workplace toolkits can help all kinds of business achieve this. Download them for free from the Resources section.

Vulnerability to COVID-19

Vulnerability to COVID-19

 

Dr Robin Cordell, a director of the Council for Work and Health, and a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians has this week brought our attention to the following piece within the President of the Royal College of Physicians of London most recent update to members of the Royal College.

 

In this update, Professor Andrew Goddard MD PRCP highlights the importance of assessing those who are more vulnerable should they be infected with COVID-19, so informing individual risk assessment by management as to how such people may be protected in their work.

 

We were very pleased that the President of the Royal College of Physicians has highlighted the essential work done by occupational health staff, and that he made a specific point of thanking occupational physicians (the Faculty of Occupational Medicine being a faculty of this Royal College) and so by extension all those supporting health and work at this time.

 

This is the key part of this message from the President of the Royal College of Physicians:

“The creation of a list of 1.8 million people as a ‘clinically extremely vulnerable’ group who need ‘shielding’ from COVID-19 was both a mammoth task and one that all involved should be proud of. Risk, though, is not a binary thing. As our understanding of what makes people more vulnerable to the effects of COVID-19 improves, we may need to be a bit more flexible about who needs shielding and who does not. This will be especially true as the rest of the population comes out of lockdown and being shielded may be seen by some of the shielded as a curse rather than a blessing.

 

Such risk needs to take into account the susceptibility of an individual to infection and the severity of disease that results. Some of this will be defined by obvious parameters such as age, comorbidities, medications, ethnicity and sex. The risk will also depend on the exposure risk in the community (will we have a local COVID-19 level as we do for pollen, pollution and UV exposure?), occupation and means of commuting. Lastly, each of us has our own perception of what we will accept when it comes to risk. As we refine ‘shielding’ it will need to be as personalised and thought about as any shared decision we make about a treatment in clinic or on the ward.

 

The role of ethnicity remains something that many are rightly worried about. There are several pieces of work going on in both PHE and NHSE looking at this. Occupational medicine has a large role to play for us as physicians and the letter from Simon Stevens formally tasked trusts with risk assessing staff. Anne de Bono, president of our Faculty of Occupational Medicine, is working hard on this with colleagues, including the Society of Occupational Medicine. This is going to be a massive amount of work for an understaffed part of our workforce.

 

This week’s shout out therefore goes to them. Thank you to all our occupational physicians.”

 

 

Informing risk assessment for the more vulnerable

Informing risk assessment for those employees who may be more vulnerable to COVID-19

Robin Cordell, Director, Council for Work and Health

Our experience as occupational health clinicians over this last few weeks has revealed understandable anxiety among employers, employees and their families over the risk to those employees considered to be more vulnerable if they were to contract COVID-19.

Towards the end of March it became clear in published Government policy (now updated as at 1 May) at:https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/full-guidance-on-staying-at-home-and-away-from-others/full-guidance-on-staying-at-home-and-away-from-othersthat among those considered more vulnerable, which is broadly similar to those who have a ‘flu’ jab under NHS arrangements due to specified health conditions, there are those who are considered to be extremely vulnerable.

People in this very high risk group, about 1.8 million people, have been advised by the Government to be “shielded”, as at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/guidance-on-shielding-and-protecting-extremely-vulnerable-persons-from-covid-19/guidance-on-shielding-and-protecting-extremely-vulnerable-persons-from-covid-19

Therefore there are three groups of people identified by Government in terms of the level of risk of a serious outcome.

At the top end of the scale, those at very high risk, who have been told they must not leave home for 12 weeks (or longer if the Government advises this).

The largest group is those at the standard level of vulnerability for the population as a whole.  The whole population are required to follow the enforceable measures introduced on 23 Mar 2020, as at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/full-guidance-on-staying-at-home-and-away-from-others/full-guidance-on-staying-at-home-and-away-from-others.  These social distancing measures include working from home wherever possible.

There is a substantial group in the middle, who have conditions that make them more vulnerable, and so are at increased risk, but who do not have the health conditions that make them extremely vulnerable and at very high risk of a serious outcome if infected.

Employers will all know that (at: https://www.hse.gov.uk/workers/employers.htm#) they have a legal duty to protect the health of their employees, and other who may be affected by their activities.  Employers must do whatever is reasonably practicable to achieve this.

Some employers have directed all employees who are more vulnerable to remain at home.  This is an effective social distancing measure, and will enable organisational outputs to continue if these employees can work entirely from home.

However, many organisations are engaged in essential work that cannot be done from home.  This includes healthcare and social care workers, those in local authorities, working with the most vulnerable people in society and providing essential services, and those in logistics. A risk management based approach has been undertaken by these clients.  Occupational health clinicians can advise on the vulnerability of their employees, and to suggest how the increased risk in more vulnerable individuals might be mitigated. Government provides guidance to employers on social distancing in the workplace at: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/social-distancing-in-the-workplace-during-coronavirus-covid-19-sector-guidance

Following referral by clients, a short occupational health teleconsultations is undertaken with employees followed by a short report is sent (with consent) to the employer.

The outcome of these assessments is tailored advice, given the employee’s individual health conditions and work circumstances, in order to inform the employer’s risk assessment.  We have found that “shading” the level of vulnerability within the more vulnerable group has been helpful, as our experience is that some in this middle group are more vulnerable than others.  We now use a GREEN-YELLOW-AMBER-RED risk indicator.

The following risk management table is based on Government guidance on social distancing at,and professional consensus documents, including those provided by the Faculty of Occupational Medicine (FOM), the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG).  Assessment of ethnicity as a risk factor is also included, in view of the observed disproportionate number of deaths among those of BAME ethnicity as at: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30922-3/fulltext,.

Description Level of risk of severe illness if contract COVID-19  as compared to the general population Risk Mitigation the employer is advised to put in place
Those under 70, who may have underlying health conditions, but based on occupational health assessment do not have conditions defined in Government guidancethat would place them in the more vulnerable group if they were to contract COVID-19. STANDARD

(GREEN)

Social distancing – the standardrisk mitigation advised by the Government for the population
Those considered to be more vulnerable to serious illness if they contract COVID-19.  These are people over 70, or those under 70 with the underlying health conditions listed.  Occupational health clinicians will advise specifically on the vulnerability of those who are pregnant, depending on the environment where they work. INCREASED

(YELLOW)

Social distancing, stringently applied (as specific to each workplace)
There will be some people the occupational health professional making the assessment considers highly vulnerable. These may be those more severely affected by one of the conditions the Government advises makes that person more vulnerable, or those who have a combination of conditions that further increases their vulnerability.  This is co-morbidity. Occupational health clinicians will also advise on whether other factors might further increase vulnerability among the more vulnerable, including ethnicity, age and gender, and smoking. HIGH

(AMBER)

Social distancing, stringentlyapplied. Occupational health clinicians may provide further advice on controls on a case by case basis as needed.
Those considered to be extremely vulnerable.  People with conditions set out in Government guidance on shielding, and who will usually have had a letter from the NHS advising them of this. VERY HIGH

(RED)

Shielding for 12 weeks, or longer period as advised by Government

Robin Cordell, Director, Council for Work and Health